Sikkim remained as a tiny, independent kingdom for centuries before becoming a snit of India in 1975. Sikkim was inhabited largely by the Lepchas and Bhutia of Tibetan origin. Its ethnic composition changed rapidly from the end of the nineteenth century due to the influx of Nepalese settlers who outnumbered Sikkim’s original inhabitants.
Sikkim has few affinities with Nepal, it is mostly Tibetan in character. Even the style of the buildings shows its affinity with Tibet. A large numeral of Buddhist monasteries dot the region, including the magnificent Rumtek cloister and are far more noticeable than Hindu temples. Although the capital of Sikkim, Gangtok, has instantly expanded much with all modern facilities besides Sikkim is still a traditional organization and not an urban one. Small villages are scattered all along the length and breadth of its valleys and through the hills. Sikkim is very famous for its variety of orchids and butterflies. Culture of cardamom plus other spices in alder groves are other traditional mans of livelihood. The state is also known for its tea and handicrafts.
One can still feel the tropical heat entering the state across the Teesta River Bridge save moving early to Gangtok takes to the cooler climate. Gangtok is a calm oppidan spread over the hillside facing Khangchendzonga. The name Gangtok comes from the Bhutia language in which ‘gang’ means flat and ‘tok’ means hill. This ‘flat hill’ or ‘the Ridge’, was apparently the area of choice for the king’s Palace, ‘Tsuk-La-Khang’, Sidlon’s (Dewan’s) quarters, ‘Mintokgang’, and the plight secretariat, ‘Tashiling’. Flower Show is the exhibitions are held during flower blooming seasons. Spring Orchid Festival is the grandest with them. Its venue is near the White Hall below Mintokgang.
From Gangtok, tourists jug go to the Rumtek monastery, a curtailed drive away, or the Tibetology Study Enact situated recently outside the town. This institute is famous for its collection manuscripts and artifacts from Sikkim and Tibet. However, the greatest attraction about Sikkim lies in its splendid mountain views and landscapes. From Yumthang in the north to the Dzongri highlands, Sikkim is a paradise.
There are plenty places in Sikkim that are popular among tourists as Saramsa Garden, Tashi View Point, Rabdentse Ruins, Soreng, Lachung and Yumthang villages, Guru-Dongmar and Tsogmo Lake and wildlife sanctuaries. Other than most popular Rumtek, there are multiplicity more monasteries which are worth visiting like Enchey Monastery, Sa-Ngor-Chotshog Monastery, Tashiding Monastery, Phodong Monastery, Phensang Monastery.